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Propagation: 46 to 50 of 92 NextPage Go to Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Loquat image Loquat

Botanical Name: Eriobotrya japonica
Other Names: Nispero, Nespola, Mispel, Wollmispel, Ameixa amarella, Amarela

Generally, seeds are used for propagation only when the tree is grown for ornamental purposes or for use as rootstock. Trees that are vegetatively propagated will begin to bear fruit in 5 years or less, as compared to 8 to 10 years in seedling trees. Old seedling trees can be converted by cutting back severely and inserting budwood of a preferred cultivar.

Lychee image Lychee

Botanical Name: Litchi chinensis
Other Names: Litchi, Lechia, Litsche, Litchiplommon

Lychees do not reproduce faithfully from seed. Furthermore, lychee seeds remain viable only 4 to 5 days, and seedling trees will not bear until they are 5 to 12, or even 25, years old. For these reasons, seeds are planted mostly for selection and breeding purposes or for rootstock. Air-layering is the most common method of propagation.

Macadamia image Macadamia

Botanical Name: Macadamia integrifolia
Other Names: Maroochi, Australian nut

Propagation from seed is relatively easy - the seed should be sown when fresh but the ree may not produce fruit for 8 - 12 years. Cuttings are also successful but vegetative propagation is usually carried out by grafting or budding of select forms onto seedlings.

Mango image Mango

Botanical Name: Mangifera Indica
Other Names: Ambu, Mangot, Mangue, Manguier, Manga, Keri,

Mango trees grow readily from seed however trees are mainly grafted to guarantee fruiting. The seed should be fresh, not dried. The flesh should be completely removed. Then the husk is opened by carefully paring around the convex edge with a sharp knife and taking care not to cut the kernel, which will slide out. Husk removal speeds germination and avoids cramping of roots. Finally, the husked kernels are treated with fungicide and planted without delay. The beds must have solid bottoms to prevent excessive taproot growth, otherwise the taproot will become 45-60 cm long while the top will be only one third to a half as high, and the seedling will be difficult to transplant with any assurance of survival. The seed is placed on its ventral (concave) edge with 1/4 protruding above the sand. Sprouting occurs in 8 to 14 days in a warm, tropical climate; 3 weeks in cooler climates. Seedlings generally take 6 years to fruit and 15 years to attain optimum yield. Grafted trees will fruit in 3 years.

Mangosteen image Mangosteen

Botanical Name: Garcinia mangostana
Other Names: Mangostan, Mangostanier, Semetah

Technically, the so-called 'seeds' are not true seeds but adventitious embryos, or hypocotyl tubercles, because there has been no sexual fertilization. When growth begins, a shoot emerges from one end of the seed and a root from the other end. But this root is short-lived and is replaced by roots which develop at the base of the shoot. The process of reproduction being vegetative, there is naturally little variation in the resulting trees and their fruits. Some of the seeds are polyembryonic, producing more than one shoot. The percentage of germination is directly related to the weight of the seed, only plump, fully developed seeds should be chosen for planting. Even these will lose viability in 5 days after removal from the fruit, though they are viable for 3 to 5 weeks in the fruit.

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